Temperature-dependent Raman spectroscopy, domain morphology and photoluminescence studies in lead-free BCZT ceramic

Coondoo, Indrani; Panwar, Neeraj; Krylova, Svetlana; с соавторами. CERAMICS INTERNATIONAL. DOI: 10.1016/j.ceramint.2020.09.137

Present work focuses on detailed temperature-dependent X-ray diffraction, Raman scattering, domain configuration, and photoluminescence (PL) studies in the (Ba0.85Ca0.15) (Zr0.10Ti0.90)O-3 (BCZT) ceramics. The comprehensive Raman spectroscopy analysis in the present work not only validates the presence of the intermediate orthorhombic phase in BCZT, but also provides evidence of another transition: rhombohedral R3c phase to R3m at low temperature. Temperature behaviour of the lowest frequency transverse optical mode (soft E (TO) phonon) and hard modes was studied. Temperature dependence of peak positions, intensities, and linewidths of Raman phonon modes signalled the presence of phase transitions near-50 +/- 5 degrees C, 0 +/- 5 degrees C, 35 +/- 5 degrees C and 110 +/- 10 degrees C. Evolution of domain morphology occurring at phase transitions above room temperature was studied by piezoresponse force microscopy technique. Analysis of PL spectra revealed disorder/heterogeneity in the sample and indicated the existence of self-trapped excitons. PL spectra are composed of four distinct colour components (-2.55eV:blue, -2.32eV:green, -2.08eV:orange and -1.78eV:red).

DOI: 10.1016/j.ceramint.2020.09.137