Enhanced green emission and thermal stability of Ba3Si6O12N2:Eu2+ by Ce3+/P5+-doping: Unity energy transfer, charge compensation and lattice strain release

Hao, Jiarui; Tao, Mengxuan; Gao, Zhiyu; Chen, Shuoting; Liu, Yixin; et al. JOURNAL OF LUMINESCENCE DOI: 10.1016/j.jlumin.2019.116995

To optimize luminescence properties of oxonitridosilicate phosphors are extremely necessary for improving lighting quality of white light-emitting diodes (WLEDs). Herein, we designed Ce3+, Eu2+ codoping and P5+<-> Si4+ substitution in the presentative Ba3Si6O12N2:Eu2+ green phosphor to realize an enhancement of luminescence efficiency and thermal stability. Rietveld refinement results of Ce3+, Eu2+, P5+-doped Ba3Si6O12N2 (BSON) confirmed the formation of pure trigonal phase (P-3) of Ba3Si6O12N2 and the successful doping of Ce3+, Eu2+, p(5+) ions. Ce3+ and Eu2+ ions randomly occupy two Ba crystallographic sites. Interestingly, a near unity energy transfer (ET, similar to 100%) from Ce3+ ions to Eu2+ ions is observed. Meanwhile, the doping of P5+ ions into BSON also helps improving the luminescence efficiency and thermal stability, which should be attributed to the charge compensation and the relax of lattice strain. In addition, the white light emitting diodes (WLEDs) fabricated by employing P5+-doped BSON: Eu2+ present a better electroluminescence performance than BSON: Eu2+. This study could serve as a guide in developing optimized oxonitridosilicates phosphors with improved luminescence performances based on complete energy transfer and lattice variations in local coordination environments through cation substitutions, and the as-prepared Ce3+/P5+-codoped Ba3Si6O12N2:Eu2+ could be an excellent green-emitting phosphor for UV-to-Visible LED chips pumped WLEDs.