Ferrihydrite nanoparticles insights: Structural characterization, lactate dehydrogenase binding and virtual screening assay

Chilom, CG (Chilom, Claudia G.)[ 1 ] ; Sandu, N (Sandu, Nicoleta)[ 1 ] ; Balasoiu, M (Balasoiu, Maria)[ 2,3,4 ] ; Yaroslavtsev, RN (Yaroslavtsev, Roman N.)[ 5,6 ] ; Stolyar, SV (Stolyar, Sergey, V)[ 5,6 ] ; Rogachev, AV (Rogachev, Andrey, V)[ 2,3 ], INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL MACROMOLECULES. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2020.08.242

The binding between the enzyme lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and ferrihydrite nanoparticles (Fh-NPs) was investigated by means of small-angle neutron scattering (SANS), Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, fluorescence and Forster resonance energy transfer (FRET) and molecular docking. Fh-NPs - LDH compounds of dimensions under 100 nm are formed. The conformational changes and the mechanism of interaction between LDH and Fh-NPs simple and doped with Cu and Co, and the effect of these NPs on the thermal denaturation of LDH were monitored. The quenching mechanism is static, the binding occurring with moderate affinity, being mainly driven by hydrogen bonding and van der Waals forces. FRET occurs at a minimal distance of 2.55 nm. Thermal denaturation of LDH in the presence of simple and doped Fh-NPs shows that the thermodynamic parameters of protein unfolding are significantly changed with temperature. The denaturation temperature of LDH shifts to higher values in the presence of all Fh-NPs, than in the case of simple LDH. The docking approach estimates the energy corresponding to the best fit of the ferrihydrite in the LDH binding site near Trp. These results have direct implications on the uses of the complex of LDH with Fh-NPs in various biochemical, biological, or clinical applications. (C) 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.