Synthesis, structural and spectroscopic properties of orthorhombic compounds BaLnCuS(3) (Ln = Pr, Sm)

Nikita O.Azarapin Aleksandr S.Aleksandrovsky Victor V.Atuchin Tatyana A.Gavrilova Aleksandr S.Krylov Maxim S.Molokeev ShaibalMukher Aleksandr S.Oreshonkov Oleg V.Andreev JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2019.153134

Ternary sulfides BaPrCuS3 and BaSmCuS3 are first synthesized by the sulphidation reaction of a mixture of related oxides and metal Cu in a flow of (CS2, H2S) at 1170 K. The crystal structures of BaPrCuS3 and BaSmCuS3 are obtained by Rietveld method. BaPrCuS3 crystallizes in space group Pnma with unit cell parameters a = 10.56074(6), b = 4.11305(2) and c = 13.42845(7) angstrom, V = 583.289 (5) angstrom(3), Z = 2 (structure type Eu2CuS3). BaSmCuS3 crystallizes in space group Cmcm with unit cell parameters a = 4.07269(4), b = 13.4499(1) and c = 10.3704(1) angstrom, V = 568.06 (1) angstrom(3), Z = 2 (structure type KZrCuS3). The structural model is proposed for the Cmcm -> Pnma transition in ABCX(3) (X = S, Se) compounds for the sequence Sm-Pm-Nd-Pr. The dimensionless tolerance factor t = IR(A) x IR(C)/IR(B)(2) is suggested to control the boundary between the Cmcm and Pnma structures. The micromorphological, thermal and spectroscopic properties are evaluated for BaPrCuS3. The compound melts incongruently at T-melt = 1580.9 K. In BaPrCuS3, the band gap is estimated to be 2.1 eV. The vibrational parameters of BaPrCuS3 and BaSmCuS3 are comparatively observed by Raman spectroscopy. (c) 2019 Published by Elsevier B.V.