Evaporative Cooling and Self‐Thermalization in an Open System of Interacting Fermions

Kolovsky, Andrey R.; Shepelyansky, Dima L. Annalen Der Physik. https://doi.org/10.1002/andp.201900231

Depletion dynamics of an open system of weakly interacting fermions with two‐body random interactions is studied. In this model, fermions are escaping from the high‐energy one‐particle orbitals, that mimics the evaporation process used in laboratory experiments with neutral atoms to cool them to ultra‐low temperatures. It is shown that due to self‐thermalization the system instantaneously adjusts to the new temperature which decreases with the course of time.