Structure and physical properties of hydrogenated (Co plus Al)-doped ZnO films: Comparative study with co-doped ZnO films

Samoshkina, Yulia E.; Edelman, Irina S.; Chou, Hsiung; Lin, Hsien-Chi; Dwivedi, Gopeshwar D.; et al. Materials Science And Engineering B-advanced Functional Solid-state Materials.

(Co + Al)-doped ZnO films have been synthesized by the RF magnetron sputtering. Films of this composition have first been obtained in mixed atmosphere of Ar + H2. High hydrogen concentration of 20–50% has been used together with high enough substrate temperature of 450 °C. The used technological conditions affected the morphology, chemical composition, optical, electric, and magnetic properties of the films to an even more than in the case of Co-doped ZnO films synthesized under the same conditions and studied earlier. The films exhibit ferromagnetic behavior at room temperature with much greater magnetization and magneto-optical activity compared to the Co-doped films. At the same time, the hydrogenated films show an increase in electric conductivity in comparison with samples synthesized in the atmosphere of Ar + O2. The magnetic nature of the hydrogenated films has been associated with the defect-related mechanism.