Solid-state synthesis, rotatable magnetic anisotropy and characterization of Co1-xPtx phases in 50Pt/50fccCo(001) and 32Pt/68fccCo(001) thin films

Myagkov, V. G.; Bykova, L. E.; Zhigalov, V. S.; с соавторами. JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS.

We reported the phase formation sequences in 50Pt/50fcc-Co(001) and 32Pt/68fcc-Co(001) thin films after annealing up to 850 °C. In both cases, the ordered L10 phase formed first on the Pt/Co interface at ∼400 °C and as the annealing temperature increased the L10 phase transformed into the chemically disordered fcc A1 phase in 50Pt/50fcc-Co(001) at 750 °C and in 32Pt/68fcc-Co(001) films at 550 °C. Based on the analysis of solid-state reactions in thin films, a phase transition at ∼ 400 °C is predicted in Co-Pt systems with a 32–72% Pt composition. Torque measurements of the 50Pt/50fcc-Co(001) samples showed that the rotatable magnetic anisotropy coexisted with the three variants of L10 in a temperature range of 400–750 °C. An analysis of the torque curves revealed that the L10 films consist of a soft magnetic layer epitaxially intergrown to the substrate MgO(001) and a top layer having rotatable magnetic anisotropy. It showed that the magnetically hard properties of L10 films are associated with a rotatable magnetic anisotropy layer. A model of rotatable magnetic anisotropy is reasoned, which is founded on some identical mechanisms of rotatable magnetic anisotropy and magnetic-field-induced strains, explaining the ferromagnetic shape-memory effect in Heusler alloys. Our results suggested that the rotatable magnetic anisotropy phenomena may have an important role in the origin of perpendicular anisotropy in hard magnetic L10