Spin-Orbit Coupling-Induced Effective Interactions in Superconducting Nanowires in the Strong Correlation Regime

Zlotnikov, A. O.; Aksenov, S. V.; Shustin, M. S. Physics Of The Solid State. DOI https://doi.org/10.1134/S1063783420090371
In the second order of the operator form of the perturbation theory, the effective interactions in a superconducting nanowire have been obtained at the strong electron correlations, when the spin–orbit coupling parameter is comparable with the hopping integral. Using the exact diagonalization technique, in short nanowires with the open boundary conditions at the strong Coulomb repulsion, the excitations corresponding to the Majorana edge states with the energy below the value of a bulk superconducting gap have been demonstrated.