Impact of nano-biomaterials on the world

Edelman, I., Ovchinnikov, S., Thakur, A., Thakur, P.// Integrated Nanomaterials and their Applications//

People have been exposed to airborne nanosized materials (100 nm) for thousands of years, but since the industrial revolution, particularly with regard to combustion operations, the level of exposure has significantly increased. Since the advent of nanotechnology, two decades ago, the danger of exposure to nanomaterials by ingestion, absorption through the skin, absorption through the dermis, and medication administration utilizing designed nanoparticles, has grown. Nanomaterials acquire new mechanical, electrical, optical, catalytic, and, last but not least, biological capabilities when they shrink from bulk to nanoscale. The creation, usage, and disposal of the product, as well as the toxicological impacts of nanomaterials, must all be studied. Basic multidisciplinary research including materials scientists, toxicologists, medical professionals, and environmental engineers is necessary to better understand the health risks and safety concerns of nanoparticles.