Chemical pressure as an effective tool for tuning the structural disordering and barocaloric efficiency of complex fluorides (NH4)3MF7 (M: Sn, Ti, Ge, Si)

Flerov, I.N., Gorev, M.V., Bogdanov, E.V., Laptash, N.M.// Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics//

Double fluoride salts (NH4)3M4+F7 (M4+: Sn, Ti, Ge, Si) demonstrate a high efficiency of using chemical pressure as a tool for control and tuning structural ordering/disordering, sensitivity to hydrostatic pressure, successions of the phase transitions, etc and, as a result, for purposeful variation within a wide range of parameters of barocaloric effect (BCE). The conventional and inverse BCEs near the triple points were found on the T − p phase diagrams, combination of which can be used to construct original cooling cycle in narrow temperature and pressure ranges. Reconstructive transformation between two cubic phases, $Pm\bar{3}m \leftrightarrow Pa\bar{3}$, realized in (NH4)3SnF7 at atmospheric pressure and in (NH4)3TiF7 at $p\gt$ 0.4 GPa are characterized by rather low thermal hysteresis, $\delta T_0$ = 1 K, and a great entropy change, $\Delta S_\textrm{BCE}$ = 110–152 J (kg · K)−1, depending on the size of the central atom. At above 300–350 K, a contribution to BCE associated with the regular thermal expansion of the crystal lattice becomes comparable to entropy and temperature changes under pressure in the region of the phase transitions. An analysis of the absolute, relative and integral barocaloric characteristics of (NH4)3M4+F7 compounds showed their high competitiveness with respect to other barocaloric materials considered as promising solid-state refrigerants.