Features of spin crossovers in magnetic materials

Yu.S. Orlov† a, b, S.V. Nikolaev‡ a, b, V.A. Dudnikov§ a, V.A. Gavrichkov* a, S.G. Ovchinnikov// Physics-uspekhi //

DOI: 10.3367/UFNe.2022.05.039195

We present experimental and theoretical results of spin crossover studies in magnetically ordered materials. The effect of spin crossovers on the electronic structure of transition metal oxides and on the Bose condensation of spin excitons in the vicinity of the spin crossover is considered. A new method for calculating the interatomic superexchange interaction in transition metal oxides is discussed that allows considering selective contributions of excited magnetic cation terms. Changes in the exchange interaction sign are predicted for spin crossovers for d5—d7 ions. In the RCoO3 family of rare-earth cobaltites, the ground state is nonmagnetic, but, as the temperature increases, thermal excitations of high-spin states give rise to a number of experimentally detectable features. In defective RCoO3 samples, stabilization of the high-spin term and ferromagnetic ordering are possible. Dynamical crossovers under external pumping and the dynamics of multiplicity, magnetization, and local lattice distortions are discussed. Geophysical implications of spin crossovers are considered, and metallic properties of Earth's mantle at a depth of 1400—1800 km are predicted.