Brief communication: Identification of tundra topsoil frozen/thawed state from SMAP and GCOM-W1 radiometer measurements using the spectral gradient method

Muzalevskiy, K., Ruzicka, Z., Roy, A., Loranty, M., Vasiliev, A.// Cryosphere//

From 2015 to 2020, using the spectral gradient radiometric method, the possibility of the frozen/thawed (FT) state identification of tundra soil was investigated based on Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) and Global Change Observation Mission – Water Satellite 1 (GCOM-W1) satellite observations of 10 test sites located in the Arctic regions of Canada, Finland, Russia, and the USA. It is shown that the spectral gradients of brightness temperature and reflectivity (measured in the frequency range from 1.4 to 36.5 GHz with horizontal polarization, a determination coefficient from 0.775 to 0.834, a root-mean-square error from 6.6 to 10.7 d and a bias from 3.4 to +6.5 d) make it possible to identify the FT state of the tundra topsoil. The spectral gradient method has a higher accuracy with respect to the identification of the FT state of tundra soils than single-frequency methods based on the calculation of polarization index.