Direct Observation of the Spin Exciton in Andreev Spectroscopy of Iron-Based Superconductors

Korshunov, M.M., Kuzmichev, S.A., Kuzmicheva, T.E.// Materials//


Quasiparticle excitations provide viable information on the physics of unconventional superconductors. Higgs and Leggett modes are some of the classic examples. Another important bosonic excitation is the spin exciton originating from the sign-changing superconducting gap structure. Here we report a direct observation of the temperature-dependent spin exciton in the Andreev spectra of iron-based superconductors. Combined with the other experimental evidence, our observation confirms the extended s-wave (s±) order parameter symmetry and indirectly proves the spin-fluctuation mechanism of Cooper pairing.