Review of lead-free Bi-based dielectric ceramics for energy-storage applications

Li, Lisong; Fan, Pengyuan; Wang, Mengqi et al. JOURNAL OF PHYSICS D-APPLIED PHYSICS. DOI: 10.1088/1361-6463/abf860

Dielectric energy-storage ceramics have the advantages of high power density and fast charge and discharge rates, and are considered to be excellent candidate materials for pulsed power-storage capacitors. At present, the application of dielectric energy-storage ceramics is hindered by their low energy density and the fact that most of them contain elemental lead. Therefore, lead-free dielectric energy-storage ceramics with high energy storage density have become a research hot spot. In this paper, we first present the requirements that dielectric energy-storage capacitors impose on the properties of ceramic materials. We then review our previous research work combined with research progress into bismuth (Bi)-based lead-free energy-storage ceramics including Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3 (BNT), BiFeO3, and Bi0.2Sr0.7TiO3, in which the composition design ideas and related energy-storage characteristics of BNT-based lead-free energy-storage ceramics are emphasized. At the same time, we highlight the problems faced by Bi-based lead-free energy-storage ceramics and some strategies for addressing them. Finally, we examine the future prospects of research into Bi-based lead-free energy-storage ceramics.

DOI: 10.1088/1361-6463/abf860