Raman scattering study of the rare-earth binary ferroborate Nd0.75Dy0.25Fe3(BO3)(4) single crystal

Glamazda, AY, Gnezdilov, VP, Lemmens, P, Zvyagina, GA , Gudim, IA // LOW TEMPERATURE PHYSICS//


We report comprehensive Raman scattering measurements on a single crystal of binary ferroborate Nd0.75Dy0.25Fe3(BO3)(4) in the temperature range of 7-295 K with 532 nm (18797 cm(-1)) laser excitation. The performed analysis of the polarized Raman spectra revealed the bands assigned to phonon, magnetic, and electronic excitations. The temperature evolution of these quasiparticle excitations has allowed us to ascertain the intricate coupling and interplay between lattice, magnetic, and electronic degrees of freedom. Analysis of the measured Raman spectra made it possible to identify all A(1) and E phonon modes predicted by the group-theoretical analysis. The splitting energies between the LO and TO components of the polar E phonons were determined. Below the magnetic ordering temperature of the Fe sublattice, T-N, we have revealed a multiple peaked two-magnon excitation. Analyzing the temperature evolution of low-frequency modes in the spectra, we also identified modes that are associated with electronic transitions between the crystal field levels of the Nd3+ ions with ground-state I-4(9/2) and of the Dy3+ ions with ground-state H-6(15/2) multiplets. In addition to the already known temperatures of magnetic transitions, analysis of the temperature behavior of low-frequency phonon and electronic excitations made it possible to establish a temperature T* = 100 K, presumably associated with local distortions of the crystal lattice. The presence of this temperature is confirmed by our ultrasonic study. A group of intense bands observed in the frequency range 1700-2200 cm(-1) has been associated with the mixed low-lying electronic Raman transitions I-4(9/2)& RARR;I-4(11/2) and the high-energy luminescence ones (4)G(5/2)+(2)G(7/2)& RARR;I-4(9/2) for the Nd3+ ion.