Mechanical activation of fullerene containing soot during extraction of higher and endohedral metallofullerenes

Victoria I. Еlesina,Grigory N. Churilov,Natalia G. Vnukova,Nikita S. Nikolaev,Gariy A. Glushenko &Victoria G. Isakova/ Fullerenes Nanotubes And Carbon Nanostructures/

For extraction of higher fullerenes and endohedral metallofullerenes (EMF) with yttrium from fullerene-containing carbon soot (soot) obtained by combined spraying of graphite and yttrium oxide powders in an arc plasma, we developed a device (Extractor*) that provides mechanical activation effects on agents combined with filtration. It has been shown that the soot recovery percentage of a mixture of higher fullerenes and EMF with different solvents (carbon disulfide, o-xylene, pyridine) and the EMF mass fraction in the mixture is significantly higher than in the extraction with a Soxhlet apparatus traditionally used for these purposes. The time spent on the extraction process is reduced significantly. Due to a known reaction with titanium chloride (TiCl4) and removal of a solution of empty fullerenes, subsequent bonding of EMF with yttrium into an insoluble complex directly in the extractor allows the product to be significantly enriched with EMF. In general, we were able to significantly reduce both the duration of extraction of the fullerenes mixture and EMF and the production of EMF separately.