Interparticle magnetic interactions in synthetic ferrihydrite: Mossbauer spectroscopy and magnetometry study of the dynamic and static manifestations

Knyazev, Yu, V; Balaev, D. A.; Stolyar, S., V; Krasikov, A. A.; Bayukov, O. A.; et al./ Journal Of Alloys And Compounds/

Samples of synthetic ferrihydrite with an average nanoparticle size of 2.7 nm have been examined by magnetometry and Mössbauer spectroscopy. Ferrihydrite is characterized by the antiferromagnetic interactions between the magnetic moments of iron atoms. In ferrihydrite nanoparticles, as in any other antiferromagnetic ones, structural defects induce the formation of an uncompensated magnetic moment, which determines the magnetic properties typical of single-domain ferro- and ferrimagnetic particles. The manifestation of the magnetic interactions between ferrihydrite nanoparticles in the magnetic properties of the material and in the temperature evolution of Mössbauer spectra has been in focus. The results obtained on synthetic ferrihydrite have been compared with the data for the biogenic ferrihydrite sample with a similar average size of particles surrounded by a polysaccharide shell, which weakens and screens the interparticle magnetic interactions. A clear manifestation of the effect of the interparticle magnetic interactions on the transition to the blocked state is the presence of a significant contribution of the relaxation component in the Mössbauer spectra at temperatures of the transition from the superparamagnetic to blocked state. The temperature dependence of the particle relaxation time obtained from the Mössbauer spectra points out the collective effect of freezing of the magnetic moments of particles due to the magnetic interactions between them.