Evolution of Structural, Thermal, Optical, and Vibrational Properties of Sc2S3, ScCuS2, and BaScCuS3 Semiconductors

Azarapin, Nikita O.; Oreshonkov, Aleksandr S.; Razumkova, Illaria A.; Aleksandrovsky, Aleksandr S.; Maximov, Nikolai G.; et al./ European Journal Of Inorganic Chemistry/ https://doi.org/10.1002/ejic.202100292

In the present work, we report on the synthesis of Sc2S3, ScCuS2 and BaScCuS3 powders using a method based on oxides sulfidation and modification of their properties. The crystal structures and morphology of samples are verified by XRD and SEM techniques. Thermal stability has been studied by DTA which has revealed that Sc2S3 decomposes to ScS through melting at 1877 K. ScCuS2 and BaScCuS3 melt incongruently at temperatures of 1618 K and 1535 K, respectively. The electronic structure calculations show that the investigated compounds are semiconductors with indirect band gap (Eg). According to the diffuse reflection spectroscopy, Sc2S3, ScCuS2 and BaScCuS3 are wide-bandgap semiconductors featured the Eg values of 2.53 eV, 2.05 eV and 2.06 eV, respectively. The band gap decreases with the introduction of copper (I) and barium cations into the crystal structure of the compounds. Variation of local structure has been verified by Raman and infrared spectroscopy. The calculated vibrational modes of ScCuS2 correspond to CuS4 and Sc−S layer vibrations, even though ScS6 octahedra-like structural units can be found in the structure.