Effect of Orthorhombicity on the Electronic Structure and Superconducting Properties of High-T-c Cuprate Family

Ilya Anatolyevich Makarov & Sergey Gennadyevich Ovchinnikov. JOURNAL OF SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND NOVEL MAGNETISM. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10948-021-05915-w

Electronic structure in the normal state and properties in the superconducting state of the orthorhombic phase in HTSC cuprates are studied within the multielectron generalized tight-binding (GTB) approach. The joint effect of variation of average Cu-O distance and orthorhombic distortion on the Fermi contour, band structure, and concentration dependence of TcTc is studied. Quasiparticle excitations were constructed within the framework of the five-band p-d model for the layer of the CuO66 octahedra. The electronic structure of quasiparticle excitations in the effective Hubbard model is calculated using the equation of motion for Green’s functions in the generalized mean-field approximation. Orthorhombic distortion leads to asymmetric with respect to the nodal direction of the Brillouin zone dispersion surface of quasiparticle excitations and to splitting of each van Hove singularity into two peaks. Transformation of the Fermi contour from hole pockets to the large hole and electron pockets occurs as a result of two quantum-phase transitions at dopings xc1xc1 and xc2xc2. Simultaneous average Cu-O distance elongation and orthorhombic distortion decreasing result in TcTc decrease. TcTc dependence on average Cu-O distance in the orthorhombic phase is in agreement with the behavior of experimental TcmaxTcmax values when the DOS effect on TcTc prevails over the effect of the exchange parameter. There are two TcTc maxima in the orthorhombic system with the suppressed exchange parameter, and these maxima appear at concentrations xc1xc1 and xc2xc2.