Dispersion relation of nutation surface spin waves in ferromagnets

Cherkasskii, Mikhail; Farle, Michael; Semisalova, Anna Physical Review B. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.103.174435

Inertia effects in magnetization dynamics are theoretically shown to result in a different type of spin waves, i.e., nutation surface spin waves, which propagate at terahertz frequencies in in-plane magnetized ferromagnetic thin films. Considering the magnetostatic limit, i.e., neglecting exchange coupling, we calculate dispersion relation and group velocity, which we find to be slower than the velocity of conventional (precession) spin waves. In addition, we find that the nutation surface spin waves are backward spin waves. Furthermore, we show that inertia causes a decrease of the frequency of the precession spin waves, namely magnetostatic surface spin waves and backward volume magnetostatic spin waves. The magnitude of the decrease depends on the magnetic properties of the film and its geometry.

DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.103.174435