A highly efficient and suitable spectral profile Cr3+-doped garnet near-infrared emitting phosphor for regulating photomorphogenesis of plants

Zou, Xikun; Wang, Xiaojun; Zhang, Haoran; Kang, Yunyan; Yang, Xian; et al. / Chemical Engineering Journal/


Far-red/phytochrome (PFR) plays a key role in photomorphogenesis of plants. However, how to obtain a near-infrared (NIR) emitting phosphor with high external quantum efficiency (EQE), suitable spectral profile, and low thermal quenching remains a huge challenge. Herein, a NIR phosphor, Gd2.4Lu0.6Ga4AlO12:Cr3+,H3BO3 (GLGA:Cr3+) was developed via regulating the crystal field environment and adding fluxes, which exhibits a peak maximum at 728 nm with a relatively narrow full-width at half maximum (FWHM) of 107 nm, matching well with the absorption band of PFR. Upon 450 nm excitation, the internal quantum efficiency (IQE) and EQE of the optimal phosphor are 90.3% and 32.0%, respectively. At 423 K, the integrated emission intensity of the investigated phosphor is about 75% of that at room temperature. Benefiting from the excellent optical performance, a NIR phosphor-converted light-emitting diode (pc-LED) was fabricated, which shows a NIR output power of 505.99 mW and photoelectric conversion efficiency of 11.24% at 300 mA. Moreover, plant growth experiments demonstrate that the biomass of pea seedlings is increased by 67.72% under supplementary NIR light irradiation. The findings of this research will motivate further research on new Cr3+-doped NIR phosphors for regulating photomorphogenesis of plants.