Synthesis, structure and properties of K2(1-x)Rb2xAl2B2O7 and Cs1.39Tl0.61Al2B2O7 borates as the basis for preparing new oxide materials

Grossman, V. G.; Bazarov, B. G.; Stefanovich, S. Y.; Molokeev, M. S.; Bazarova, J. G. Source: LETTERS ON MATERIALS, 9 (1):86-90; 10.22226/2410-3535-2019-1-86-90 MAR 2019

With the development of technology, the need for highly efficient functional materials is steadily increasing. Currently, borates attract the attention of researchers, as they are promising nonlinear materials. Potassium rubidium aluminum borate based on potassium aluminum borate (trigonal syngony, space group P321, Z = 3) was obtained by solid-phase synthesis. The individuality and purity of the borates were confirmed by X-ray diffraction. Analysis of differential scanning calorimetry and thermogravimetric method for K2(1‑x)Rb2xAl2B2O7 (x = 0.1– 0.8) was performed in the temperature range of 25–1075°С. Potassium rubidium borates decompose in the temperature range of 900 –1000°C. Differential scanning calorimetry, dielectric loss tangent, and second-harmonic generation data revealed phase transitions for K0.6Rb1.4Al2B2O7. A significant SHG effect was found at room temperature for K0.6Rb1.4Al2B2O7 (Q = 70). Then the SHG effect increases to Q = 85 at a temperature of 645°C and remains constant with a further increase in temperature. The new triple borate Cs1.39Tl0.61Al2B2O7 was synthesized by the solid-phase synthesis, and its crystallographic parameters were obtained by the Rietveld method. This borate crystallizes in the monoclinic space group P21 / c with the unit cell parameters: Z = 2, a = 6.6669(3) Å, b = 7.2991(3) Å , c = 9.3589(4) Å , β =116.6795(18)°, V = 406.94(3) Å 3. The structure can be considered to be built up from the nearly planar [Al2B2O10] rings, which are composed of two AlO4 tetrahedra and two BO3 triangles, connected, alternately to each other by corner-sharing.