Synthesis and catalytic hydrogenation activity of Pd and bimetallic Au-Pd nanoparticles supported on high-porosity carbon materials

Belousov, Oleg V.; Tarabanko, Valery E.; Borisov, Roman V.; Simakova, Irina L.; Zhyzhaev, Anatoly M.; Tarabanko, Nikolay; Isakova, Victoria G.; Parfenov, Vladimir V.; Ponomarenko, Ilya V. Source: REACTION KINETICS MECHANISMS AND CATALYSIS, 127 (1):25-39; 10.1007/s11144-018-1430-0 JUN 2019

The processes of palladium deposition on various high-porosity carbon matrices (Sibunit, CMK-3) have been studied. Mesostructured carbon material CMK-3 was synthesized using a silicate template of SBA-15 type. Pd nanoparticles were loaded onto carbon matrices by metalorganic chemical vapour deposition (MOCVD) method using palladium(II) acetylacetonate precursor. Bimetal Au-Pd systems were synthesized by autoclave reduction of gold(III) chloride complexes on Pd-containing carbon matrices. Structure of the obtained composite particles was studied by electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction. The average diameter of Pd particles on Sibunit is about 10, and 5-6nm on CMK-3. The catalytic activity of the synthesized materials was studied in the reaction of furfural diethyl acetal (FDEA) hydrogenation, using gas-liquid chromatographic analysis. There is significant difference in catalytic activity of MOCVD-Pd/C compared to conventional impregnated Pd/C systems: the hydrogenation rate is 3-6 times higher with MOCVD-derived catalysts. Introducing Au into a MOCVD-Pd/C catalyst increases the hydrogenation rate threefold. Considerable difference in the composition of hydrogenation products was observed between these differently prepared catalysts.