Recoil-induced dissociation in hard-x-ray photoionization

i-Cai Liu, Vinícius Vaz da Cruz, Sergey Polyutov, Alexander Föhlisch, and Faris Gel'mukhanov. Phys. Rev. A 100, 053408 – Published 15 November 2019. 10.1103/PhysRevA.100.053408

We predict the recoil-induced molecular dissociation in hard-x-ray photoionization. The recoil effect is caused by electronic and photon momentum exchange with the molecule. We show the strong role of relativistic effects for the studied molecular fragmentation. The recoil-induced fragmentation of the molecule is caused by elongation of the bond due to the vibrational recoil effect and because of the centrifugal force caused by the rotational recoil. The calculations of the x-ray photoelectron spectra of the H2 and NO molecules show that the predicted effects can be observed in high-energy synchrotrons like SOLEIL, SPring-8, PETRA, and XFEL SACLA. The relativistic effect enhances the recoil momentum transfer and makes it strongly sensitive to the direction of ejection of the fast photoelectron with respect to the photon momentum.