Nematic and Cholesteric Liquid Crystal Structures in Cells with Tangential-Conical Boundary Conditions

Krakhalev, Mikhail N.; Bikbaev, Rashid G.; Sutormin, Vitaly S.; Timofeev, Ivan, V; Zyryanov, Victor Ya Source: CRYSTALS, 9 (5):10.3390/cryst9050249 MAY 2019

Orientational structures formed in nematic and cholesteric layers with tangential-conical boundary conditions have been investigated. LC cells with one substrate specifying the conical surface anchoring and another substrate specifying the tangential one have been considered. The director configurations and topological defects have been identified analyzing the texture patterns obtained by polarizing microscope in comparison with the structures and optical textures calculated by free energy minimization procedure of director field and finite-difference time-domain method, respectively. The domains, periodic structures and two-dimensional defects proper to the LC cells with tangential-conical anchoring have been studied depending on the layer thickness and cholesteric pitch