Magnetoresistance Hysteresis Evolution in the Granular Y-Ba-Cu-O High-Temperature Superconductor in a Wide Temperature Range

Semenov, S. V.; Balaev, D. A. Source: JOURNAL OF SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND NOVEL MAGNETISM, 32 (8):2409-2419; 10.1007/s10948-019-5043-2 AUG 2019

The temperature evolution of the magnetoresistance hysteresis in the granular YBa2Cu3O7-δ high-temperature (TC ≈ 92 K) superconductor has been investigated. The measurements have been performed in the high-temperature region (78–90 K) and at the liquid helium temperature (4.2 K). The results obtained have been analyzed using the developed model of the behavior of transport properties of a granular high-temperature superconductor in an external magnetic field. Within the discussed model, the dissipation of the grain boundary subsystem is determined by the intergrain spacing-averaged effective field Beff, which is a superposition of external field H and the field induced by the magnetic moments of superconducting grains. Such a consideration yields the expression Beff(H) = H − 4πM(H) α for the effective field in the intergrain medium, where M(H) is the experimental hysteretic dependence of magnetization and α is the parameter of magnetic flux crowding in the intergrain medium. Here, the magnetoresistance is assumed to be proportional to the absolute value of the effective field: R(H) ~ |Beff(H)|. Analysis of the experimental R(H) and M(H) dependences obtained under the same conditions for the investigated high-temperature superconductor sample showed that in the high-temperature region this parameter is α ≈ 25. At the low temperature (4.2 K), we may state that the degree of flux crowding increases and the estimated α value is ~ 50. The estimates made are indicative of the strong effect of flux compression in the intergrain medium on the magnetotransport properties of the investigated granular high-temperature superconductor system. Possible reasons for a discrepancy between the developed model concepts and experimentally observed low-temperature R(H) hysteresis are analyzed.