Lead-Free Hybrid Metal Halides with a Green-Emissive [MnBr4] Unit as a Selective Turn-On Fluorescent Sensor for Acetone

Li, Mingze; Zhou, Jun; Molokeev, Maxim S.; Jiang, Xingxing; Lin, Zheshuai; Zhao, Jing; Xia, Zhiguo Source: INORGANIC CHEMISTRY, 58 (19):13464-13470; 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.9b02374 OCT 7 2019

Organic–inorganic hybrid metal halides with zero-dimensional (0D) structure has emerged as a new class of light-emitting materials. Herein, a new lead-free compound (C9NH20)2MnBr4 has been discovered and a temperature-dependent phase transition has been identified for two phases (space group P21/c and C2/c) in which individual [MnBr4]2– anions connect with organic cations, (C9NH20+) (1-buty-1-methylpyrrolidinium+), forming periodic structure with 0D blocks. A green emission band, peaking at 528 nm with a high photoluminescence quantum efficiency (PLQE) of 81.08%, has been observed at room temperature, which is originated from the 4T1(G) to 6A1 transition of tetrahedrally coordinated Mn2+ ions, as also elaborated by density functional theory calculation. Accordingly, a fast, switchable, and highly selective fluorescent sensor platform for different organic solvents based on the luminescence of (C9NH20)2MnBr4 has been developed. We believe that the hybrid metal halides with high PLQE and the exploration of these as a fluorescence sensor will expand the applications scope of bulk 0D materials for future development.