Effect of gadolinium on magnetic circular dichroism and electron magnetic resonance of epsilon-Fe2O3 nanoparticles formed in borate glasses

Edelman, I.; Kliava, J.; Ivanova, O.; Ivantsov, R.; Velikanov, D.; Zaikovskii, V.; Petrakovskaja, E.; Zubavichus, Y.; Stepanov, S. Source: JOURNAL OF NON-CRYSTALLINE SOLIDS, 506 68-79; 10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2018.12.006 FEB 15 2019

A remarkable characteristic of borate glasses is the ability of forming magnetic nanoparticles at low doping with transition element oxides. We have studied structure and magnetic properties of iron oxide nanoparticles formed in borate glasses, in particular, concentration and temperature dependences of magnetic circular dichroism (MCD) and electron magnetic resonance (EMR) spectra. A series of glasses of molar composition 22.5K2O-22.5Al2O3–55B2O3 doped with 1.5 mass % of Fe2O3 and different contents of Gd2O3 from 0.1 to 1.0 mass % was prepared using a conventional melt quenching technique and subjected to an additional thermal treatment. The whole set of results allows to identify the predominant magnetic phase in these glasses as ε-Fe2O3 nanoparticles, with a considerable part of iron ions substituted by gadolinium. Analysis and computer simulations of the EMR spectra allow separating the contribution of electron paramagnetic resonance of diluted iron ions and together with the temperature dependences of magnetization demonstrate a superparamagnetic character of the nanoparticle magnetism.