Dynamic Magnetization Switching in NiO Nanoparticles: Pulsed Field Magnetometry Study

Balaev, D. A.; Krasikov, A. A.; Dubrovskiy, A. A.; Balaev, A. D.; Popkov, S. I.; Kirillov, V. L.; Martyanov, O. N. Source: JOURNAL OF SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND NOVEL MAGNETISM, 32 (2):405-411; 10.1007/s10948-018-4726-4 FEB 2019

The dynamic magnetization switching of antiferromagnetic nickel oxide nanoparticles with a characteristic size of 8 nm has been experimentally investigated by pulsed field magnetometry. It is shown that, due to the presence of defects in NiO nanoparticles, as in other antiferromagnetic particles, the uncompensated magnetic moment is induced by the incomplete compensation of spins at the antiferromagnetic ordering. The dynamic magnetic hysteresis loops have been studied in pulsed fields with the maximum field (Hmax) of up to 130 kOe and pulse lengths (τP) of 4, 8, and 16 ms. According to the results obtained, the coercivity (HC) depends on both the τP and Hmax values. The observed increase in the HC value with decreasing pulse length (i.e., with increasing switching field frequency) is unambiguously related with the relaxation processes typical of single-domain ferromagnetic nanoparticles. However, the observed effect of the maximum applied field (Hmax) on the HC value is assumed to be a feature of antiferromagnetic nanoparticles.