The electronic and optical properties of a narrow-band red-emitting nanophosphor K2NaGaF6:Mn4+ for warm white light-emitting diodes

Jiang, CY; Brik, MG; Li, LH; Li, LY; Peng, J; Wu, JN; Molokeev, MS; Wong, KL; Peng, MY JOURNAL OF MATERIALS CHEMISTRY C, 6 (12):3016-3025; 10.1039/c7tc05098d MAR 28 2018

Recently, as a key red component in the development of warm white light-emitting diodes (WLEDs), Mn4+-doped fluorides with narrow red emission have sparked rapidly growing interest because they improve color rendition and enhance the visual energy efficiency. Herein, a red nanophosphor, K2NaGaF6:Mn4+, with a diameter of 150–250 nm has been synthesized using a simple co-precipitation method. Rietveld refinement reveals that it crystallizes in the space group Fm[3 with combining macron]m with the cell parameter a = 8.25320(4) Å. The exchange charge model (ECM) has been used to calculate the energy levels of Mn4+ ions in K2NaGaF6, which match well with the experimental spectra. The as-synthesized phosphor exhibits a narrow red emission at around 630 nm (spin-forbidden 2Eg4A2 transition of Mn4+ ions) when excited at 365 nm (4A2g4T1g) and 467 nm (4A2g4T2g), with a quantum efficiency (QE) of 61% and good resistance to thermal quenching. Based on the structure, the formation mechanism of ZPL has been discussed. In addition, the concentration-dependent decay curves of Mn4+ in K2NaGaF6 were fitted using the Inokuti–Hirayama model, suggesting that the dipole–dipole interactions determine the concentration quenching. Finally, encouraged by the good performance, a warm LED with a CRI of 89.4 and CCT of 3779 K was fabricated by employing the title nanophosphor as the red component. Our findings suggest that K2NaGaF6:Mn4+ can be a viable candidate for the red phosphor used in warm WLEDs.