Pulsed Field-Induced Magnetization Switching in Antiferromagnetic Ferrihydrite Nanoparticles

Balaev, D. A.; Krasikov, A. A.; Velikanov, D. A.; Popkov, S. I.; Dubynin, N. V.; Stolyar, S. V.; Ladygina, V. P.; Yaroslavtsev, R. N. Source: PHYSICS OF THE SOLID STATE, 60 (10):1973-1978; 10.1134/S1063783418100025 OCT 2018

The dynamic magnetization switching of ferrihydrite nanoparticles has been investigated by a pulsed magnetometer technique in maximum fields Hmax of up to 130 kOe with pulse lengths of 4, 8, and 16 ms. Ferrihydrite exhibits antiferromagnetic ordering and defects cause the uncompensated magnetic moment in nanoparticles; therefore, the behavior typical of magnetic nanoparticles is observed. The dynamic hysteresis loops measured under the above-mentioned conditions show that the use of pulsed fields significantly broadens the temperature region of existence of the magnetic hysteresis and the coercivity can be governed by varying the maximum field and pulse length. This behavior is resulted from the relaxation effects typical of conventional ferro- and ferrimagnetic nanoparticles and the features typical of antiferromagnetic nanoparticles.