Electronic and Magnetic States of Pr and Mn in the Pr1-x Sr (x) MnO3 Films Studied by XANES and XMCD Spectroscopy

Samoshkina, Yu. E.; Rogalev, A. Source: JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL AND THEORETICAL PHYSICS, 126 (5):660-665; 10.1134/S1063776118040131 MAY 2018

The spectral dependences of X-ray absorption near-edge spectroscopy (XANES) and X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) and the field dependences of XMCD near the K edge of Mn and the L2,3 edges of Pr in the Pr0.8Sr0.2MnO3 and Pr0.6Sr0.4MnO3 films at T = 90 K are studied. The spectral dependences point to a mixed valence state of Mn and Pr in the films. It is found that, as compared to XANES, XMCD is more sensitive to the valence state of Pr4+. The field dependences of XMCD point to ferromagnetic behavior of Mn ions and the Van Vleck paramagnetism of Pr ions, which makes a significant contribution to the total magnetization of the films. It is shown that as the Sr concentration increases, the XMCD intensity at the K edge of Mn increases, which indicates a growth of the total magnetic moment of the film due to an increase in the 4p–3d hybridization.