Effect of Epitaxial Alignment on Electron Transport from Quasi-Two-Dimensional Iron Silicide alpha-FeSi2 Nanocrystals Into p-Si(001)

Tarasov, I. A.; Rautskii, M. V.; Yakovlev, I. A.; Volochaev, M. N. SEMICONDUCTORS, 52 (5):654-659; 10.1134/S1063782618050330 MAY 2018

Self-assembled growth of α-FeSi2 nanocrystal ensembles on gold-activated and gold-free Si(001) surface by molecular beam epitaxy is reported. The microstructure and basic orientation relationship (OR) between the silicide nanocrystals and silicon substrate were analysed. The study reveals that utilisation of the gold as catalyst regulates the preferable OR of the nanocrystals with silicon and their habitus. It is shown that electron transport from α-FeSi2 phase into p-Si(001) can be tuned by the formation of (001)—or (111)—textured α-FeSi2 nanocrystals ensembles. A current-voltage characteristic of the structures with different preferable epitaxial alignment (α-FeSi2(001)/Si(100) and α-FeSi2(111)/Si(100)) shows good linearity at room temperature. However, it becomes non-linear at different temperatures for different ORs due to different Schottky barrier height governed by a particular epitaxial alignment of the α-FeSi2/p-Si interfaces.