Bacterial Ferrihydrite Nanoparticles: Preparation, Magnetic Properties, and Application in Medicine

Stolyar, S. V.; Balaev, D. A.; Ladygina, V. P.; Dubrovskiy, A. A.; Krasikov, A. A.; Popkov, S. I.; Bayukov, O. A.; Knyazev, Yu V.; Yaroslavtsev, R. N.; Volochaev, M. N.; Iskhakov, R. S.; Dobretsov, K. G.; Morozov, E. V.; Falaleev, O. V.; Inzhevatkin, E. V.; Kolenchukova, O. A.; Chizhova, I. A. JOURNAL OF SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND NOVEL MAGNETISM, 31 (8):2297-2304; 10.1007/s10948-018-4700-1 AUG 2018

Nanoparticles of antiferromagnetically ordered materials acquire the uncompensated magnetic moment caused by defects and surface effects. A bright example of such a nano-antiferromagnet is nanoferrihydrite consisting of particles 2–5 nm in size, the magnetic moment of which amounts to hundreds of Bohr magnetons per particle. We present a brief review of the studies on magnetic properties of ferrihydrite produced by bacteria. Special attention is focused on the aspects of possible biomedical applications of this material, i.e., the particle elimination, toxicity, and possible use for targeted drug delivery.