Theoretical investigation of magnetic properties in interfaces of magnetic nanoparticles and amorphous carbons

Sun, Shih-Jye; Hsu, Hua-Shu; Ovchinnikov, Sergei; Chen, Guan-Long JOURNAL OF MAGNETISM AND MAGNETIC MATERIALS, 432 102-105; Doi: 10.1016/j.jmmm.2017.02.001 JUN 15 2017

Based on the experimental finding of the exchange bias in amorphous carbon samples with embedded Co nanoparticles and on the graphited character of the amorphous carbon interface confirmed by molecular dynamics simulations we have proposed the interface of graphited carbon to be antiferromagnetic. A theoretical model, which comprises the Kondo interactions in the interfaces of Co nanoparticles and the induced antiferromagnetic interactions in the graphited carbons, is employed to evaluate the ferromagnetism of the interfaces of Co nanoparticles. We have shown that the ferromagnetism of interfaces of Co nanoparticles will be enhanced by the increase of antiferromagnetic interaction as well as the increase of electron density in the graphited carbons. In particular, we found that the antiferromagnetic interactions in graphited carbons will change the spin-wave excitation in interfaces of Co nanoparticles from the quasiacoustic mode to the quasioptical one.

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