Quasiperiodic one-dimensional photonic crystals with adjustable multiple photonic bandgaps

Vyunishev, Andrey M.; Pankin, Pavel S.; Svyakhovskiy, Sergey E.; Timofeev, Ivan V.; Vetrov, Stepan Ya. OPTICS LETTERS, 42 (18):3602-3605; 10.1364/OL.42.003602 SEP 15 2017

We propose an elegant approach to produce photonic bandgap (PBG) structures with multiple photonic bandgaps by constructing quasiperiodic photonic crystals (QPPCs) composed of a superposition of photonic lattices with different periods. Generally, QPPC structures exhibit both aperiodicity and multiple PBGs due to their long-range order. They are described by a simple analytical expression, instead of quasiperiodic tiling approaches based on substitution rules. Here we describe the optical properties of QPPCs exhibiting two PBGs that can be tuned independently. PBG interband spacing and its depth can be varied by choosing appropriate reciprocal lattice vectors and their amplitudes. These effects are confirmed by the proof-of-concept measurements made for the porous silicon-based QPPC of the appropriate design.