Orientational transition in the cholesteric layer induced by electrically controlled ionic modification of the surface anchoring

Sutormin, Vitaly Sergeevich; Timofeev, Ivan Vladimirovich; Krakhalev, Mikhail Nikolaevich; Prishchepa, Oxana Olegovna; Zyryanov, Victor Yakovlevich. LIQUID CRYSTALS, 44 (3):484-489; Doi: 10.1080/02678292.2016.1218557 FEB 2017

A reorientation of cholesteric liquid crystal with a large helix pitch induced by the electrically controlled ionic modification of the surface anchoring has been studied. In initial state, the cholesteric helix is untwisted completely owing to the normal surface anchoring specified by the cations adsorbed at the substrates. As a result, the homeotropic director configuration is observed within the cell. Under the action of DC electric field, one of the substrates becomes free from the layer of surface active cations, therefore, setting the planar surface anchoring. The latter, in turn, leads to the formation of the hybrid chiral structure. The threshold value and dynamic parameters have been estimated for this process as well as the range of control voltages, which do not allow the electrohydrodynamic instabilities. The twisted hybrid director configuration observed in the experiment has been analysed by means of the simulation of polarisation change of light propagating through the cholesteric layer with asymmetric (planar and homeotropic) surface anchoring on the cell substrates.

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