Micromagnetism in a planar system with a random magnetic anisotropy and two-dimensional magnetic correlations

Komogortsev, S. V.; Fel'k, V. A.; Iskhakov, R. S.; Shadrina, G. V. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL AND THEORETICAL PHYSICS, 125 (2):323-332; 10.1134/S1063776117070196 AUG 2017

The hysteresis loops and the micromagnetic structure of a ferromagnetic nanolayer with a randomly oriented local easy magnetization axis and two-dimensional magnetization correlations are studied using a micromagnetic simulation. The properties and the micromagnetic structure of the nanolayer are determined by the competition between the anisotropy and exchange energies and by the dipole–dipole interaction energy. The magnetic microstructure can be described as an ensemble of stochastic magnetic domains and topological magnetization defects. Dipole–dipole interaction suppresses the formation of topological magnetization defects. The topological defects in the magnetic microstructure can cause a sharper change in the coercive force with the crystallite size than that predicted by the random magnetic anisotropy model.