Carbon coated nickel nanoparticles produced in high-frequency arc plasma at ambient pressure

Vnukova, Natalia; Dudnik, Alexander; Komogortsev, Sergey; Velikanov, Dmitry; Nemtsev, Ivan; Volochaev, Michael; Osipova, Irina; Churilov, Grigory JOURNAL OF MAGNETISM AND MAGNETIC MATERIALS, 440 164-166; Doi: 10.1016/j.jmmm.2016.12.142 OCT 15 2017

The nickel particles with the mean size about 10–20 nm coated with carbon were extracted by the treatment of the carbon condensate with nitric and hydrochloric acids. The initial carbon condensate containing nickel nanoparticles with a graphite conversion was synthesized in the high-frequency carbon-helium arc plasma at ambient pressure with the nickel nanoparticles as a catalyst. The nickel content in the nanoparticles was 84.6 wt%. Magnetic properties of the nanoparticles are characterized by the high hysteresis and thermal stability. The sample of compacted nanoparticles is characterized by electrical resistance much higher than it in of compacted initial condensate.