Quasi-Bound States in the Continuum with Temperature-Tunable Q Factors and Critical Coupling Point at Brewster's Angle

Bing‐Ru Wu Jhen‐Hong Yang Pavel S. Pankin Chih‐Hsiang Huang Wei Lee Dmitrii N. Maksimov Ivan V. Timofeev Kuo‐Ping Chen. Laser & Photonics Reviews https://doi.org/10.1002/lpor.202000290

Quasibound state in the continuum (quasi‐BIC) is a long‐lived state with a high quality factor (Q factor). Here quasi‐BICs in nematic liquid crystal (LC) layer embedded between a distributed Bragg reflector (DBR) and a metal layer are studied. First, a special class of true BICs between the DBR and the metal film with field localization provided by the Brewster transverse electric (TE) reflection in the DBR is experimentally demonstrated. It is demonstrated that the Q factor of the quasi‐BIC can be tuned by the LC optical axis rotation in a wide range being only restricted by metal losses. The change of coupling with the radiation channel leads to a critical coupling condition, providing a total absorption of incident light. The acquired quasi‐BIC resonance is extremely sensitive to the temperature due to the narrow nematic temperature range of the LC. The quasi‐BIC transforms to BIC at the LC‐isotropic clearing point, due to closing of the radiation channel.