Doping and temperature evolution of pseudogap and spin-spin correlations in the two-dimensional Hubbard model

Kuz’min, V. I., Visotin, M. A., Nikolaev, S. V., & Ovchinnikov, S. G. PHYSICAL REVIEW B 101, 115141 (2020). DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.101.115141

Cluster perturbation theory is applied to the two-dimensional Hubbard t − t − t − U model to obtain doping and temperature-dependent electronic spectral function with 4 × 4 and 12-site clusters. It is shown that evolution of the pseudogap and electronic dispersion with doping and temperature is similar and in both cases it is significantly influenced by spin-spin short-range correlations. When short-range magnetic order is weakened by doping or temperature and Hubbard-I-like electronic dispersion becomes more pronounced, the Fermi arc turns into a large Fermi surface and the pseudogap closes. It is demonstrated how static spin correlations impact the overall dispersion’s shape and how accounting for dynamic contributions leads to momentum-dependent spectral weight at the Fermi surface and broadening effects.