Anomalous mechanical materials squeezing three-dimensional volume compressibility into one dimension

Jiang, Xingxing; Molokeev, Maxim S.; Dong, Liyuan; Dong, Zhichao; Wang, Naizheng; et al. Nature Communications. DOI https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-19219-5

Anomalous mechanical materials, with counterintuitive stress-strain responding behaviors, have emerged as novel type of functional materials with highly enhanced performances. Here we demonstrate that the materials with coexisting negative, zero and positive linear compressibilities can squeeze three-dimensional volume compressibility into one dimension, and provide a general and effective way to precisely stabilize the transmission processes under high pressure. We propose a “corrugated-graphite-like” structural model and discover lithium metaborate (LiBO2) to be the first material with such a mechanical behavior. The capability to keep the flux density stability under pressure in LiBO2 is at least two orders higher than that in conventional materials. Our study opens a way to the design and search of ultrastable transmission materials under extreme conditions.