Size effects in the formation of an uncompensated ferromagnetic moment in NiO nanoparticles

Popkov, S., I; Krasikov, A. A.; Dubrovskiy, A. A.; Volochaev, M. N.; Kirillov, V. L.; Martyanov, O. N.; Balaev, D. A. Source: JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS, 126 (10):10.1063/1.5109054 SEP 14 2019

The magnetic properties of samples of NiO nanoparticles with average sizes of 23, 8.5, and 4.5 nm were investigated. Using the magnetization curves measured in strong (up to 250 kOe) pulsed magnetic fields, the contributions of the free spin and ferromagnetic subsystems were extracted. It has been found that the ferromagnetic contribution increases with a decrease in the nanoparticle size and is proportional to the fraction of uncompensated exchange-coupled spins. It is demonstrated that the uncompensated spins form in the antiferromagnetic NiO oxide due to an increase in the fraction of surface atoms in the nanoparticles with decreasing particle size and defects in the bulk of particles